A dental restoration is a treatment to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure. It is the means to restore the mouth back to its functional and esthetic state. Restorative dentistry is also known as prosthodontic dentistry. The goal of restorative dentistry or prosthodontic dentistry is to preserve the natural teeth as much as possible and promote dental health.
Restorations are various methods your dentist can help replace or restore missing teeth or parts of your tooth structure. Examples of dental restoration include dental fillings, crowns, bridges, implants and dentures. Tooth structures can be missing due to decay, weakening due to previous restorations, or fractures inside the tooth.
Fillings are the most common type of dental restoration. By filling empty spaces in the mouth can help prevent cavities that serve as the hub for the growth of plague causing bacteria. Fillings can be made from gold, silver amalgam, or tooth-covered plastic materials called composite resin fillings.
Crowns or caps are made to fit over existing teeth to replace damaged tooth structures helping it to restore its shape, size, strength and appearance. They are usually used during root canal therapy or dental implants. Crowns are fabricated b using digital impressions in milling machines.
Bridges are ‘false teeth’ and function as ‘bridges’ between gaps of one more missing teeth. A bridge is made up of two or more crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap and a false tooth is cemented permanently into the gap.
Dental implants are an effective replacement dental procedures for lost natural tooth and its root. Made from metals (titanium or titanium mixtures) they are placed inside bone sockets.
Missing teeth put the neighboring teeth under stress because mouth does not have enough space to bite and chew. Dentures are removable replacements designed to replace several or full missing teeth. They are made or acrylic resins with metallic attachments.
- Inlays and Onlays
Inlays and Onlays are an intermediate conservation procedure between filling and crowning. They are used to repair decays on the chewing surface (top edges) of the teeth (morals). Inlays are fitted inside the cusps tips on top of tooth; an olay is placed over one or more cusps.